In conjunction with the Hispanic Leadership Network, Resurgent Republic conducted 500 interviews with Hispanic registered voters in Florida, with full results available below. The results show that President Obama continues to underperform among Florida Hispanic voters and has done little to bolster his standing among this critical swing state demographic since our September survey last year. His level of support on the presidential generic ballot is 11 points below his 2008 performance, which alone is enough to erase his three-point margin of victory over John McCain. This reality, combined with the challenges Obama faces among other key demographic groups (non-Hispanic Independents, young voters, and seniors), means the President is on the defensive in the Sunshine State.
Republicans continue to face challenges on their party brand, and immigration reform garners wide, bipartisan approval. Yet opportunities to increase their support exist on several other issues, including education reform (like merit pay and school choice), strong concern over spending and the national debt, and overwhelming support of the state voter ID law. Proposals in these areas are very popular among Florida Hispanic voters, particularly those who were not born in the United States (who make up 59 percent of the Hispanic electorate in the state). These survey results show that Florida – and its 29 electoral votes – will be closely contested this year, and the state’s 1.4 million Hispanic voters could be the deciding factor.
Congressman A says President Obama has tried to help the Hispanic community in numerous ways, such as supporting a path to earned legal residency status and suing states like Arizona and Alabama with harsh anti-immigrant laws.
Congressman B says President Obama has taken support from Hispanics for granted, and used immigration as a political issue. He had two years with a Democratic Congress to make changes to immigration laws, and he failed to lead.
Voters say that Obama has taken Hispanic support for granted by a narrow 46 to 44 percent margin, including a wide 53 to 34 percent margin among Independents. This view is strongest among voters who were not born in the U.S., who say the President has taken Hispanics for granted by 50 to 40 percent.
Immigration reform is not the top issue for the overwhelming majority of Florida Hispanic voters, but they do think it is important, and believe that candidates for Congress do not focus on it enough. Only 13 percent of Hispanics say that immigration reform is the single most important issue when determining their vote for Congress, while 32 percent say it is one of the top two or three issues, 37 percent say it is only somewhat important, and 12 percent say it is not very important. Voters born outside of the U.S. are the most likely to say it is the single most important issue (16 percent), as well as Mexicans (22 percent) and South Americans (16 percent).
Nevertheless, Hispanics want to hear candidates for Congress talk about immigration reform in their communities. Forty percent say they do not talk about it enough, 25 percent say they talk about it the right amount, and 24 percent say they talk about it too much. Again, Mexican voters are especially interested in candidates’ views on the issue, with 54 percent saying they don’t talk about it enough.
A comprehensive strategy continues to be the preferred option for Florida Hispanics on immigration reform.When asked their preference for immigration legislation, the top choice, among 58 percent of voters, is “a bill that includes border security, a temporary-worker program, and earned legal status for undocumented immigrants who are already here, because any solution to the immigration problem must deal with all of the problems with our immigration system.”
The second choice, with 20 percent support, is “a bill that includes border security and a temporary-worker program, because we have to address the need for immigrant workers if we are ever going to get control of the border.”
And the third choice, with just 13 percent is “a bill that concentrates on border security but does not include a temporary-worker program or earned legalization for undocumented immigrants who are already here, because we have to secure the border first.”
Preference for a comprehensive approach is remarkably consistent among the key subgroups, by party, ideology, age, or national origin.
Republicans in Congress take more blame than Obama or the Democrats for the federal government’s failure to pass immigration reform legislation over the last few years, but Independents spread the blame around. Forty percent of voters overall blame Republicans in Congress for the failure to pass reform, while 28 percent blame President Obama or Democrats in Congress, and 20 percent blame all three equally.
Not surprisingly, responses to this question are highly partisan. Among Republicans, 50 percent blame Obama or the Democrats, 9 percent blame Republicans, and 28 percent blame everyone. Among Democrats, 66 percent blame Republicans, 15 percent blame Obama or the Democrats, and 10 percent blame everyone. And among Independents, 34 percent blame Republicans, 26 percent blame Obama or the Democrats, and 26 percent blame everyone.
Perhaps for this reason, Republicans in Congress have a net negative 32 to 56 percent favorable-unfavorable rating among Florida Hispanics (32 to 57 percent among Independents), while Democrats in Congress have a narrowly positive 45 to 42 percent rating (40 to 46 percent among Independents).
Reforms Over Money. By a slim 46 to 44 percent margin, Hispanic voters believe that education can only be improved through reforms like more school choice, teacher training and accountability, and parental involvement, rather than by investing more federal money. Republicans and Independents agree with this view, by margins of 57 to 33 percent and 48 to 37 percent, respectively, while Democrats disagree by a 61 to 34 percent margin.
Little generational difference exists on this issue, but there are differences by age, with Hispanics age 18 to 34 supporting reforms rather than more money by 56 to 35 percent. Voters with children under the age of 18, however, support investing more federal money by 54 to 40 percent, while those without children under 18 (or any children at all) prefer reforms by 48 to 40 percent.
Merit Pay. Hispanics think that Florida should continue its merit pay system by 47 to 40 percent, including a 46 to 38 percent margin among Republicans and a 53 to 36 percent margin among Independents (Democrats split at 45 percent). Voters with minor children support the merit pay system by 47 to 44 percent, as do married voters by 49 to 41 percent.
By generation, voters born outside of the U.S. are the strongest supporters of a merit pay system – 48 to 40 percent – although 1st generation immigrants also support it by 49 to 43 percent. 2nd-plus generation immigrants, on the other hand, say the system should be repealed by 48 to 41 percent.
Private School Choice. Private school choice is very popular among Hispanics, and these voters think Florida should continue the program by a 54 to 34 percent margin, including a 60 to 30 percent margin among Republicans, a 57 to 32 percent margin among Independents, and a 50 to 39 percent margin among Democrats. Again, this program is most popular among voters who were not born in the United States – they support it by 60 to 29 percent, compared to 46 to 41 percent among 1st generation immigrants and 51 to 45 percent among 2nd generation immigrants. The program is only modestly popular among parents of minor children, at 49 to 44 percent.
Florida Hispanic voters remain pessimistic about the direction of the country, and are most concerned about the economy and jobs. Florida Hispanics say that America is off on the wrong track by a 60 to 27 percent margin, and a combined 63 percent say that the economy (45 percent) and jobs (18 percent) are the most important issues facing the country – a sentiment consistent by demographics and ideology.
Forty-nine percent of these voters believe that the best way to improve the economy and create job opportunities for Hispanics is to “increase government investments in job training, education, and infrastructure,” while 40 percent say that it is to “limit government spending, lower taxes, and reduce excessive regulations that hurt small businesses.” Independents and Democrats agree with voters overall by margins of 51 to 37 percent and 60 to 30 percent, respectively, while Republicans disagree by 61 to 32 percent. And while majorities of 1st and 2nd generation immigrants support more government investments to create jobs, voters who were born outside of the U.S. split at 44 percent on the issue.
Florida Hispanics, including Cubans, think that the embargo of Cuba has failed to damage the Cuban government. Fifty-three percent of voters say that “The embargo has failed to damage the Cuban government, and serves only to hurt economic conditions for Cuban residents. The Obama Administration’s actions to weaken the embargo by allowing travel and remittances are a step in the right direction for the Cuban people,” while 30 percent say that “The embargo has worked to isolate the Cuban government and weaken its power over Cuban residents. The embargo should continue to be enforced, and the Obama Administration’s actions to weaken it by allowing travel and remittances to Cuba are a mistake.”
A bipartisan consensus exists on this issue – Republicans agree that the embargo has failed by a 48 to 40 percent margin, compared to a 55 to 27 percent margin among Independents and a 60 to 26 percent margin among Democrats.
Even Cuban voters agree that the embargo has failed by 55 to 32 percent, compared to 52 to 33 percent among Puerto Ricans, 57 to 23 percent among South Americans, and 48 to 24 percent among Mexicans.
This survey of 500 Hispanic voters in Florida was conducted January 16-19, 2012. Respondents were selected randomly from a listed sample of Hispanic registered voters. All respondents confirmed that they are registered to vote in the county in which they live, and are of Hispanic or Latino origin or descent. Each respondent also had a choice to take the survey in English or Spanish – 87 percent conducted the survey in English and 13 percent in Spanish. Quotas were set for county, age, and gender based on voter registration, and the sample was minimally weighted to match the partisan registration balance shown by the state Department of Elections for Hispanic voters. All calls were conducted by live interviewers.
The margin of error for responses with an even split – 50 percent for one response and 50 percent for another response – is plus or minus 4.38 percentage points for the full sample. The margin of error declines as the split in the respondents becomes less even. For example, the margin of error is plus or minus 3.80 percentage points when the 500 respondents split 75 percent for one candidate and 25 percent for the other.
The margin of error is higher for subgroups of the sample. For example, when respondents split evenly on a question the margin of error increases from 4.38 percent to 6.20 percent for subsamples of 250, and to 9.80 percent for subsamples of 100.